- What makes an effective piece of writing?
- What are the different stages of writing?
- Why should teachers be concerned about process writing?
- What classroom activities can you do to activate process writing?
What is Process Writing?
Throughout a learner’s school career, they will need to complete hundreds of pieces of writing and will develop their skill at producing different written pieces.
The concept of process writing is to see writing as an entire creative process, involving many different stages. There is a shift from a teacher who sets a writing topic and then receives the final product for corrections and marking, to a teacher who is involved in all parts of the writing process.
CAPS suggests a very specific writing process that all learners should go through when engaging in essays or transactional texts.
Process writing fits very well into each stage.
Why use process writing?
Research has shown that a sole focus on grading the writing piece at the end with a strong focus on language and grammar does not improve either grammar or writing fluency (White & Arndt, 1991).
Further research (Kroll, 1990) also demonstrates that feedback throughout the process is not only more useful but yields more benefits than written feedback on the text at the end of the process.
How do their roles change?
What does it look like in the classroom?
The stages of process writing
Much like the CAPS writing process, process writing has stages – three stages to be exact.
Writing is a long and complex process. This can often lead to learner frustration. It is important for teachers to provide a supportive environment and to be patient in the process. This does mean that more time is spent writing in class, but as the next unit will show, not all of this time is spent writing, so teachers can also work on developing other skills during the process.